The green building not only seek to reduce resources for the building, but also throughout its lifecycle, while also providing a comfortable environment for occupants. The ecological houses aim to balance comfort and architectural design with the environmental impact they produce.
A house can be called ecological if it uses technology to reduce its environmental impact, is made or works with natural materials or if it takes a low impact lifestyle. However, there are a number of specific elements that must be considered in planning for a structure to be sustainable, such as location, materials, toxicity, durability, aesthetics, biodiversity, community relation and dynamic relationship between the inhabitant and the home.
The choice of materials is fundamental for the construction of a low impact house. Avoid those containing ammonia, chlorine, PVC or heavy metals. For the columns it is recommended to use wood instead of aluminum or steel.
In waterproofing can be used materials such as cork or vegetable fibers that are not only economical, but are heavier than those normally used. It is also important to look for the raw material to be local, thus avoiding transportation costs and supporting trade in the region. In addition, has recently been integrating much hemp to the construction, this material can be cultivated to later include it.
- Collective construction
Houses that are made collectively reduce costs and time. Many eco constructions can be built with volunteer labor, allowing the exchange of skills. In addition, it may be more economical to purchase savings or alternative energy generation systems if you plan to implement them in different homes.
- Simple design
An ecological house should not necessarily be expensive. However, it does not mean that you should not have style; having a minimalist design reduces costs and gives a stylish look to the house. For the decoration you can use recycled objects and you can use ecological paints of low impact.
For the planning of the construction it is important to consider the dimensions of the terrain. In this way you can think of adapting green areas or an organic garden that will allow the inhabitants a more sustainable lifestyle. In addition, it is preferable to verify previously that the ground is not contaminated with radioactivity or magnetism and to analyze the substrates of water.
- Ecological interior
To make the operation of the house sustainable it is recommended to equip the house with systems that are able to use clean energy for the operation of the house. This reduces the CO2 emissions of the home and benefits the economy of the tenants.
Considering all these elements you can build an ecological house in an intelligent way where all the resources are used and you can live in a comfortable way impacting to the smallest extent the environment.